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Abstract

ASSESSMENT RATE OF BREASTFEEDING AND SOME RISK FACTORS IN NEONATAL AND PRENATAL PERIODS AMONG CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD)

Ashraf Tashakori*, Foroogh Riahi and Maryam Raeispour

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder related to neural development that affected more than 5% of the world's children. The aim of this study has been considered to evaluate the effect of breastfeeding in preventing the creation of ADHD. Materials and methods: This case-control study was conducted on patients with disorder of ADHD (6 to 12 years) admitted to the psychiatric ward of Ahvaz Golestan hospital between the years 2014 and 2015. The control group consisted of individuals with the same age group who were selected from the family members of patients. Then, a questionnaire was provided to collect information including educational, psychological, and health status of individuals, and also records of children and their mothers before and after the birth periods. Finally, the comparison was conducted between the case and control groups by chi-square test and Fisher test. The significance level of P was considered less than 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in duration of breastfeeding (p = 0.13). However, the history of inflicting to jaundice in neonatal periods was significantly more in case group (p >0.01). Also, incidence of infection during pregnancy had a significant increase in deliveries leading to the birth of the child with ADHD. Conclusion: Results of this study show that incidence of infection during pregnancy and inflicting to jaundice, as the risk factors, can increase the possibility of inflicting to ADHD.

Keywords: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, Breastfeeding.


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