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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF BAUHINIA ACUMINATA

Archana Dongray*, Dr. Raghuveer Irchhaiya, Dilip Chanchal and Saurabh Chaudhary.

ABSTRACT

Bauhinia species including (Bauhinia acuminata, Bauhinia varigata, Bauhinia purpurea, Bauhinia monandra, Bauhinia galpini) are popular ornamental plants usually woody ornamentals or herbaceous linas with attractive flowers typical of the leguminosae of arid temp. sub – tropical and tropical zones . Bauhinia species are also have many multiple medicinal and biological properties . Phytochemical screening of two species viz . Bauhinia acuminata and cassia occidentailis belonging to family caesalpiniaceae was performed using genrally accepted laboratory technique . Three solvent viz. chloroform, Benzen, and petrolium ether were used for extraction. The constituents were alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponin, steroids, and tannin. The distribution of these constituents in the leaves of selected species were assessed and compared . Preliminary phytochemical screening of Bauhinia acuminata did not reveal alkaloids. Glycoside, steroid, and flavonoids were present in both of species . Tannin was present in Cassia occidentalis while absent in Bauhinia acuminata . Saponin was absent in Cassia occidentailis while persent in Bauhinia acuminata . The extraction of leave of Bauhinia acuminata and its kupchan fraction were screend for antioxidant , cytotoxic, membrane stabilizing, hemolytic and antimicrobial activity .

Keywords: Bauhinia acuminata, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemicals, and Pharmacology.


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