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Abstract

COMMUNITY BASED STUDY ON PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF ANTI- HYPERTENSIVE DRUGS IN URBAN AREA OF BANGALORE

Dr. K. N. Prasad and M. Puttaswamy

ABSTRACT

It is important to know the prescription of hypertensive individuals are followed in the community in order to prevent complications and high mortality rates when associated with co morbid conditions like Diabetes Mellitus. The objective of this study was to know the pattern of prescriptions of anti- hypertensive drugs in urban area of Bangalore city. Community based, descriptive and observational study was conducted during August and September 2015 in the selected urban area of Bangalore city among 350 randomly selected known hypertensive patients. Data was collected at their door steps using the pilot tested semi open ended questionnaire. The supportive documents were verified for the authenticity of the data from all the patients. There were 55 and 46 percent of the females and males subjects aged 30 years and above. Eighty percent of them aged between 41 to 70 years. Mono drug therapy was prescribed for 80% of the subjects and 55% of them were on Calcium Channel Blockers group of drugs. The median duration of hypertension was 60 months and Diabetes Mellitus was the co morbid conditions among 27%. To conclude, nearly 80% of the study subjects in this urban community were prescribed monodrug therapy and Calcium Channel Blockers group of drugs was the common drug among all the subjects. The prescription pattern was in accord with the JNC recommendation by the practicing physicians.

Keywords: Prescription, Mono drug, Hypertension, Community Based.


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