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Abstract

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF MICROALBLUMINURIA IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN A PRIVATE HOSPITAL OF NEPAL

Sophie Ghimire*, Sudarshan Tandukar, Dr. Anshu Mali Joshi, Sabyata Gautam, Nijan Upadhyay and Sujita Manandhar

ABSTRACT

Background: Microalbuminuria is an indicator of diabetic nephropathy as well as a marker for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of microalbuminiuria and identify the associated risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes in a private hospital of Nepal. Methods: Cross-sectional study design was used for the collection of data. The study sample consists of 282 type 2 diabetes patients who met the inclusion criteria. The study was conducted for a duration of 3 months from July, 2014 to September, 2014 at the Endocrine Department of Alka Hospital Pvt. Ltd., Nepal. Ethical approval was taken from the institutional review board of Alka Hospital. Results: A total of 363 patients were included in this study.Microalbuminuria was observed in 35.5% of the patients who met the inclusion criteria of the study. Parameters such as duration of diabetes and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were higher in patients with microalbuminuria as compared to those with normoalbuminuria. Conclusion: A high prevalence of microalbuminuria was observed in patients with diabetes. Early screening and detection of patients with diabetes is thus essential to reduce the future consequences of chronic kidney diseases.

Keywords: Prevalence; Microalbuminuria; Type 2 Diabetes.


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