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Abstract

ANAEMIA AMONG PREGNANCY WOMEN IN SEBHA, LIBYA

Darling B. Jiji*

ABSTRACT

Aim of the Study: Anaemia is the most common disorder of blood in the world. About 20% of maternal deaths occur due to anaemia. Anaemia in pregnancy is associated with adverse consequences both for the mother and the foetus. The WHO report in 2006, the prevalence of anaemia is highest in Africa. The aim of the study were to determine the prevalence of anaemia, to determine the degree of anaemia and find out the association between anaemia and selected demographic variables among pregnant women. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted to assess the prevalence of anaemia, to determine the degree of anaemia among pregnant woman attending selected health care facilities in Sebha - Libya. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select sample and it consisted of 700 pregnant women. Data was collected using structured interview schedule. Results: Findings of the study showed that out of 700 pregnant women only 442(63.14%) were non-anaemic pregnant women; and other 258 pregnant women anaemic. Out of 258 anaemic pregnant women, majority 118 had mild anaemia; 122 had moderate anaemia and only 18 severe anaemia. The prevalence anaemia among pregnant women were 36.86%. There was significant association between anaemia and selected variables like age, literacy, occupation, income, type of family, diet habits, residence, parity, gestational age, age at menarche, interval between labour, age at marriage (at p<0.05). Conclusion: Findings of the study indicated the need to conduct frequent assessment of knowledge and risk factors of anaemia among the pregnant women. Awareness programmes should be conducted among the pregnant women for their promotion of health. It is recommended that the socio-economic status of women should be enhanced in line with the Millennium Development Goals to prevent anaemia and to enhance pregnancy outcomes.

Keywords: Pregnant women, Anaemia, Prevalence, Haemoglobin.


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