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Gheisari M., Karami K.B.* and Hesam S.


Introduction: Epidemiological study related to causes and trend of mortality is very necessary for health policy and control of diseases and even accountability at the community level. This study investigates the trend and causes of death in the city of Mahshahr during the 5 years (2010-2014). Materials and Methods: In this study, data was derived from records in Health Centers in the city of Mahshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran. The data was obtained by different sources such as the cemeteries registration of Mahshahr, hospitals and health centers. International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) was used for grouping causes of death. Data were analyzed by SPSS Version 19 and tables and charts by EXCEL statistical software. Results: 4637 deaths occurred during the years 2010-2014 in the city of Mahshahr that most of the deaths (21.6%) were reported in year 2014. About 56.6 percent of the total cases were men and 43.1% were women. The highest frequency of death occurred in age group of older than 65 years with the 2034 cases (43.8%). The lowest frequency of deaths by 37 deaths was observed in the age group of 6-10 years (0.7%). About 54% and 31.7% of deaths occurred in hospital and in the home, respectively. Based on the list of classification of causes of death (ICD10), in the city of Mahshahr, five common causes of death are blood circulatory system (40.5%), accidents and poisoning (8.9%), endocrine and nutritional diseases (7.6%), cancer and tumor (7%) and respiratory diseases (3.3%). Conclusion: The cause of death of the last five years shows that despite prevention programs non-communicable diseases particularly cardiovascular disease, cancer and accidents are on the top causes of death. Planning for the control and prevention through public educating about risk factors of chronic disease and risk factor reduction demands is necessary.

Keywords: Mortality, Death, Trend, Epidemiology, ICD10.

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