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Abstract

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PROXIMATE COMPOSITION OF STEM AND LEAVES OF EPIPHYLLUM OXYPETALUM FROM DIFFERENT DISTRICT OF MAHARASHTRA

Satish Ingale and Mansoori M. Sajid

ABSTRACT

Proximate compositions of leaves and stem of Epiphyllum Oxypetalum from Kalyan, Jalgaon and Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra were investigated. Moisture content in the leaf (10.2433± 0.2032%) is lower than the stem (21.5567±0.9175%), crude fibre (32.2057±0.0272%) and the total extract (27.2827±0.0587%) higher than the stem, (24.8857±0.0509%) (16.0523±0.1106%) respectively. The crude protein (0.717±0.0053%) and (1.1277±0.0605%), total carbohydrate (1.2780 ±0.0085%) and (1.0883±0.0583%) is present in leaves and stem respectively. Reducing sugars is absent in both leaf and stem. Non-reducing sugars (1.2780 ±0.0085%) (1.0883±0.0583%) is present in leaf and stem respectively. Total ash content (2.6070±0.0046%) of leaves is higher than stem (2.0860±0.0217%). Water soluble ash (0.1733±0.0045%) (0.8770±0.0036%), Water insoluble ash (2.4273±0.0021%) (1.1993±0.0300%), acid soluble ash (2.3987±0.0133%) (1.9263±0.0064%), acid insoluble ash (0.2013±0.0121%) (0.2103±0.0709%) is present in leaf and stem respectively. Elements like Calcium (0.1183±0.0031%), Magnesium (0.7177±0.0050%), and Sulphur (8.8140±0.6083%) in leaf is higher than stem (0.0401±0.0019%), (0.0307±0.0015%), (2.3220±0.0030%) respectively. Carbon(69.0497±0.1271%) (65.8013±0.2849%), Hydrogen(1.1680±0.0040%) (2.5147±0.0095%), and Nitrogen (0.1480±0.0546%) (0.1910±0.0215%) is present in leaf and stem respectively. However there is some variation in proximate composition and elemental analyses of leaf and stem of Epiphyllum Oxypetalum in Kalyan, Jalgaon and Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.

Keywords: Proximate composition, Epiphyllum Oxypetalum stems and leaves, proximate analyses, comparative study.


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