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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILING OF ROOT AND FRUIT OF MAYTINUS EMARGINATA (WILLD.) DING HOU THROUGH GC-MS

*Dhawale P. G. and Ghyare B. P.

ABSTRACT

Herbal drugs play an important role in health care programs especially in developing countries. Hence in the present study phytochemical constituents presents in the Maytenus emarginata root and fruit was identified by using Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectroscopy (GCMS) technique. The roots and fruits were collected, dried in shade and converted to the powder form. This powder is then extracted through Soxhlet apparatus using acetone solvent for GC-MS analysis. The concentrated extract is then analysed by GC-MS technique and the various secondary metabolites were identified using NIST library search. The result shows the presence of different phytoconstituents which includes fatty acids, palmitic acid, steric acid, fatty alcohl, fluro compound, vitamin – E, triterpens. In acetone extract of root contain 32.88% β-amyrin (triterpen). In acetone extract of fruit contain 41.14% oleic acid (unsaturated fatty acid) and 18.95% squalene (triterpen). All these phytoconstituents shows properties such as antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, antiinflametory, antidepresent, anticancer, antitumor, antioxidant, antifertility, antistroke, anticarcinogenic etc. Maytenus emarginata root and fruits contain the various phytoconstituent that can be useful in different fields like pharmaceuticals, perfume, drug development etc. and plant can be recommended as a plant of phytopharmaceutical importance.

Keywords: Herbal drugs, Phytochemical profiling, Maytenus emarginata, GC-MS, secondary metabolites.


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