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Abstract

EVALUATION OF ANION GAP IN PETROL PUMP ATTENDANTS IN PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS, NIGERIA

*Kalio Ibiene Sarah and Hanson Asikiya Huldah

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to determine Anion gap in petrol pump attendants exposed to petroleum pollutant in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria. A total of 32 fuel pump attendants were compared with 32 healthy individuals used as control. Anion gap was calculated from serum electrolyte concentration of the subjects by calculating the difference between primary measured cations (sodium Na+ and potassium K+) and the primary measured anions (chloride C1- and bicarbonate HCO3 -) in serum. The result shows that mean+ standard deviation of anion gap in fuel pump attendants is 22.85 + 6.69mmol/l while in control, the values are 15.94 + 3.53 mmol/l. The result shows that anion gap is significantly higher (p<0.05) in fuel pump attendants exposed to petroleum pollutants than in control. This difference can be attributed to over production or decreased excretion of acid. This implies that exposure to petroleum pollutant have adverse effect on production and excretion of protons and anions. Hence it is recommended that fuel pump attendants take necessary precautionary measures during the course of carrying out their duties.

Keywords: Anions gap, Cations, Electrolytes, Petrol pump attendants, Pollutants.


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