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Abstract

HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN DOGS

Santosh P. S.*, Yathiraj S., Ramesh P. T., Upendra H. A., Ansar Kamran C., Rathnamma D. and Suguna R.

ABSTRACT

Periodontal disease (PD) is by far the most common problem in small animal veterinary medicine and has been suggested as cofactor in various other diseases. Hematological and biochemical changes associated with PD among dogs in India at present are meager. Of the 89 PD dogs, 27 (32.58%) had low hemoglobin and 3 (3.37%) had low hematocrit indicating concurrent anemia, 18 (20.22%) had leukocytosis indicating secondary bacterial infection, 28 (31.46%) had thrombocytopenia, 17 (19.10%) had elevated creatinine > 1.7 mg/dl, indicative of concurrent renal insufficiency and 10 (11.23%) had elevated ALT > 55IU/L, indicative of concurrent hepatic insufficiency. There was no significant difference observed between PD dogs and control dogs. However, the association among the PD dogs with renal insufficiency significant.

Keywords: Periodontal disease, Hematology, biochemistry, Systemic disease association.


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