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Abstract

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CISSAMPELOS PAREIRA LINN AGAINST CERTAIN BACTERIAL STRAINS

Muthuselvam D.*

ABSTRACT

Cissampelos pareira is slender tomentose climber, is known for its medicinal properties to cure various ailments. The antibacterial properties of leaves (acetone, aqueous and ethanol) extracts screened against seven bacterial strains such as Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Klepsiella pneumoniae and Seratia marcences by adopting disc diffusion and agar well diffusion methods. Maximum 18 mm inhibition zone in the disc diffusion method and 19 mm in that of agar well diffusion method is observed when tested against Klepsiella pneumonia, Proteus vulgaris and Salmonella typhi. In rest of the test organisms growth inhibition is affected and is attributed to the phytochemical present in it. This study supports the traditional medicine to cure many disease like diarrhea, intestinal tract, throat, ear infections, cough, ulcers, fever and skin diseases.

Keywords: medicinal plant, antibacterial, phytochemical and traditional medicine.


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