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            Best Paper Award :
Dr. Muhammad Baqir MR Fakhrildin
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Farhan Hassan Furreh, Alia Abdelmonem Mohamed Eltayeb1, Mayadah Hamza Mohamed Ahmed, Asma Noureldaim Mahmoud Mohamed, Shayoub M. E. and
Hisham Mohamed Osman*


Self-medication can be defined as the use of drugs to treat selfdiagnosed disorders or symptoms or the intermittent or continued use of a prescribed drug for chronic or recurrent disease or symptoms. The self-medication option is usually selected by consumers for symptoms that they regard as sufficiently troublesome to require drug therapy, but not serious enough to justify a physician consultation. Objectives: To determine the reasons, extent and correlates of self-medication among health science students in IUA. Methodology: This was a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study done (n=241) health science students in IUA, Khartoum from November 2015 to April 2015. It is a questionnaire based study and the history of self-medication for the last six months was collected. Result: Both positive attitude towards self-medication and prevalence of selfmedication were high in the study as reported by 49% and 74% respectively. Mildness of illness was the main reason for self-medication. Headache was the main condition and accordingly paracetamol was the highest reported drug used as self-medication. Pharmacy was the main source of medication and self-decision was the leading source of information for self-medication. The majority of the students fully relieved after self-medication. No association between self-medication and study year was found (p>0.05). Pharmacy students practiced self-medication more than the non-pharmacy students. Conclusion: The study shows high positive attitude towards self-medication and high prevalence of self-medication. Our study highlights the need to improve self-medication awareness.

Keywords: Self medication, drugs, over the counter.

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