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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF FAGONIA SCHWEINFURTHII HADIDI

Shailendra Sharma*, Anil Bhandari , Dinesh Puri, Rambabu Sharma, Rajesh Verma, Amit Kumar

ABSTRACT

Fagonia schweinfurthii hadidi (family zygophyllaceae) commonly known as dhamasa and dhamasia is used in Indian system of medicine since time immemorial in various disease like stomach problem fever, skin problem (itching, wounds) etc. The plant is found in desert and dry areas from India to Tropical Africa where plant is used in disease like high acidity, gonorrhea, tonic, anti-inflammation, kidney stone, etc. the current study therefore carried out to provide require its pharmacognostic details about the plant. In microscopic studies, the plant shows the presence of trichome, stone cells, fibers, calcium oxalate crystals, vessels etc. The total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash was observed to 100.3%, 2.50.5%, 50.2% respectively. Water soluble and alcohol soluble extractive values were found to be 801.5% and 241.2% respectively. A study of pH at 1% and 10% aqueous solution were found to be 6.09 & 5.07 respectively. LOD at 1050C was found to be 2.40.5%. Preliminary phytochemical screening shows the presence of alkaloid, cardiac glycoside, flavonoids, carbohydrates, tannins, amino acid etc. in different extract. These findings will be useful for the identification of the species which may be useful to pharmaceutical industries for the quality control of commercial sample.

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