WJPR Citation New

  All Since 2011
 Citation  2903  2393
 h-index  27  24
 i10-index  68  60

Login

Best Paper Awards

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.
            Best Paper Award :
Dr. Muhammad Baqir MR Fakhrildin
Download Article: Click Here

Search

Track Your Article

Abstract

CONCEPT OF AMBIGUOUS GENITALIA AND DISORDERS OF GONADAL DIFFERENTIATION IN AYURVEDA

Kumar Vijendra* and Gupta Shilpy

ABSTRACT

Description of ambiguous genitalia has been laid down very first time
in Ayurveda. The abnormalities concerned with ambiguity of sex
includes dwireta (hermaphrodite), pavanendriya (azoospermic),
samskarvahi (anaphrodisiac), vakri (hypospadiac) narshand (sterile
male), narishand (sterile female), irshand (voyeurism), vatikshand
(anorchidism). Disorder of sexual differentiation (DSD) is being used
now a day for ambiguous genitalia synonymously. Many researches
are going on day by day to explore the facts. Modern medical literature
has explained the genetic and endocrinal basis of sex determination
and its abnormality. The Genotype of an individual is determined by
the chromosomes while the phenotype is dependent on genotype and
its environmental influence. Ayurveda deals about two types of beeja
(gametes); shukra (male gametes) and artava (female gametes).
Depending upon their predominance during fertilization they are responsible for
determination of sex in garbha (fetus). Further abnormalities in sex determination have been
explained in terms of vitiation of beeja and beejabhaga (genotype). Not only the genetic
makeup (genotype) but also environmental factors like ashaya dosha (abnormalities of
reproductive organ), kal dosha (improper timing), atmakarma dosha (idiopathic or
unexplained factors), and matur ahar vihar dosha (maternal dietetics and regimens) are
equally responsible for expression of anomalies in the fetus i.e., phenotype.

Keywords: Beeja, Beejabhaga, Ambiguous Genitalia, Gonadal Differentiation, DSD.


[Full Text Article]

Call for Paper

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More

Email & SMS Alert

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More

Article Statistics

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More

Online Submission

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More