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Abstract

PROXIMATE AND MINERAL COMPOSITIONS OF LEAVES AND SEEDS OF BANGLADESHI BOMBAX CEIBA LINN

Shahin Aziz*, Husna Parvin Nur, Shahal Ahmed, Aminul Ahsan, Abu Bakar Siddique and Koushik Saha

ABSTRACT

Bangladesh is a rich store house of medicinal plants. Among them Bombax ceiba Linn. is an important one. In Bangladesh, Bombax ceiba is locally known as “Shimul tree”. The whole part of the plant used as traditional folk medicine and has antidysentric, antidiahorreal and antipyretic effects. Taking these things into consideration it creates sufficient interest to carry out analysis for proximate and mineral compositions of leaf and seed of Bombax ceiba grown up in Bangladesh. Proximate analysis of the plant was carried out using standard analytical procedures. The results of the proximate analysis showed that the leaves of Bombax ceiba have higher contents of crude fiber (28.44%), ash on drying (8.14%), acid insoluble ash (9.30%) and water soluble ash (13.84%) than that of seeds.Whereas seeds have higher carbohydrate contents (40.82%) than leaves of this plant. The atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) was used for quantitative analysis of various elements. Total 13 important elements were analyzed in leaves and seeds of Bombax ceiba. Results indicated the presence of Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cr, Fe, Zn, Al, Cu, Ni, Pb, Cd and Mn in both leaves and seeds. But among the elements, concentration of Ca was found higher in leaves and concentration of K was found higher in seeds. The most important finding of the work is that leaves of Bombax ceiba showed high concentration of all elements than seedsexcept Na, Cu, Cd and Ni. The elemental composition in both leaves and seeds of the plantwere found to be different except in case of Ni. Therefore, leaves and seeds of this medicinal plant are enriched in some micro and macro nutrients like Fe, Ca, Na, K, Zn, which are very important for biological metabolic system as well as human health.

Keywords: Bombax ceiba, Proximate analysis, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, elemental compositions.


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