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Abstract

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS PATIENTS IN THREE IRAQI GOVERNORATES DURING 2011- 2012: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

*Hawraa A. A. Al-Dahhan, Esraa Sameer Muhana, Ali Abdul Hussein Al-Fatlawy

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted into three Iraqi governorates (Baghdad, Babylon, Al-qadysia) during two years (2011-2012) ,in which a total of 2162 urine specimens were collected from out and in patient with urinary tract infection. Babylon city appeared to be the high percent of E.coli isolated during 2011 (68.4) and 2012 (68.8) followed by ALqadysia (63%, 65.1%) and Baghdad (50.7, 60%), respectively. In Baghdad high E.coli isolate (25.2%) in (41-50) age group, while in Babylon and in al-qadysia the high E.coli isolated in age group (21-30) in aperecent 20.9% and 20.8% , respectivly. baghdad show a high e.coli isolate (25.3%) in (41-50) age group , while babylon and alqadysia appeared in (1-10) and (21-30) in apercentes 12.8% and 20.5% respectivly. Females show a high perecent of isolate than male during the tow years in three cities. In Baghdad the highest resistance of e.coli appeared to nitrofuranton (45.1%) and cotrimoxazol (45.1%) during 2011, while e.coli appered high resistance to cn (34.4%) ctr (22.8%) and ctp (20.3%) during 2012. E.coli isolated from babylon govornorate hospital during 2011 found to be the high resistance to ampicillin (24.2%), while the high resistance to amx (30.3%) and amp (29.4%) during 2011. The antibiogram of E.coli isolated from al-qadysia governorate hospital during 2011 and 2012 appeared high resistance to cip (15.1%). Amx(3.1%) and ctx(0.8%) show less antibiotic resistance by E.coli during 2011 and 2012.

Keywords: E.coli, urinary tract infections, antibiotic resistance.


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