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Abstract

“STUDY OF BODY MASS INDEX, WAIST HIP RATIO AND PERCENTAGE BODY FAT IN TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS”

Patil Smita V.*, Pandurang B. Gaikwad, Vinayak B. Gaikwad, Dr. Suvarna T. Jadhav, Dr. Pooja M. Pharne, Dr. Mahesh K. Suryawanshi and Dr. Sampada Kanitkar

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity has been recognized as a major health problem, in the past two to three decades. Obesity, especially central obesity, is an important risk factor for the high prevalence of type II diabetes mellitus. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the Body Mass Index, Waist Hip Ratio and Percentage Body Fat in Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 50 control and 50 type II diabetic subject between age group of 30-60 yrs. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using the formula, BMI = Wt (kilograms)/Ht 2 (meters), Waist to Hip Ratio was calculated using formula = Waist circumference (cm) /Hip circumference (cm), The skin-fold thickness was measured from triceps, biceps, sub scapular and suprailiac skin folds, by using UNA skin fold caliper. Statistical analysis was done using Unpaired T - Test. Results: In the present study mean value of BMI in normal subjects is 25.1 Kg/m2, and the mean value of BMI in diabetic patients is 23 Kg/m2. The mean values of waist hip ratio and percentage body fat in normal subjects were0.9, 37.8 and mean values in diabetic subjects was 0.86, 27.8. The observed difference in the means of BMI, waist hip ratio and percentage body fat in normal and diabetic is 2.1, 0.04 and 10 are statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: In type II diabetic patients, the BMI and percentage body fat is reduced because of uncared, poorly controlled diabetic state which may lead to decrease in peripheral subcutaneous fat.

Keywords: Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist hip ratio (WHP), % Body Fat (PBF), Skin Fold Thikness (SFT), Type II diabetes, obesity.


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