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Abstract

EVALUATION OF PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS IN A MULTISPECIALTY TEACHING HOSPITAL

Bandla Aswani*, M. Vijitha, P. Yanadaiah, Purushothama Reddy K., K. Yeswanthi, P. Vijayasanthi

ABSTRACT

At presently number of various classes of antimicrobials is available at
market for the infectious diseases and other chronic diseases treatment
purpose. So that we need an awareness of antimicrobials usage and
prescribing pattern. The present study was aimed to study the
prescribing pattern of antimicrobial agents in a multispeciality teaching
hospital, Nellore. A prospective observational study wascarried out for3
months using patient data collection proforma.The study began with the
selection of the patients based on inclusion criteria followed by the
collection of all the base line parameters of patient’s demographic
details, Medical and Medication history, Duration of hospitalization,
Diagnosis, Prescription order. In prescriptions the number of
antimicrobials prescribed, their dose, dosage formulations, route of
administration, frequency and duration of treatment was observed. The number of defined
daily doses (DDD) and prescribed daily doses (PDD) per patient was calculated for each
antimicrobial prescribed. Descriptive statistics were applied to the collected data and analysed
using Microsoft Excel software. A total of 155 patients were prescribed with antibiotics, out of
them 33 % were male and 67 % were female. The average number of drugs per prescription was 3.87%. The average number of antimicrobials per patient was 3.22%. The commonly prescribed antibiotics were Betalactams(63.83%). Injectable preparations (14%) and 15% of antimicrobials with fixed dose combinations were observed. DDD for Piperacillin and Tazobactum was more followed by Doxycycline.

Keywords: Prescribing pattern ofAntimicrobials, Defined daily doses (DDD), Prescribed daily doses (PDD).


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