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Abstract

A PROSPECTIVE DRUG UTILISATION EVALUATION OF ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Dr. Pathan Amanulla Khan*, Naureen Fatima, Juwerriah Nishaat and Neda Fatima

ABSTRACT

Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population globally. The aim of the study was to assess the AGE prescriptions in pediatric patients. The study was carried out at a 450 bedded teaching hospital at Chitradurga, Karnataka for a period of one month. During the study period, total 51 pediatric patients were screened. The study result shows that among 162 drugs, most common drugs are Cephalosporin 44(27.16%) and Aminoglycosides 4(2.46%), other antibiotics 8(4.93%), Antigastrics 46(28.39%), NSAIDs 19(11.72%), Zinc syrup 14(8.64%), and IVF 46(28.39%). Our study concluded that commonly used antibiotics in our set up were Cephalosporin, commonly used antigastric drug was Ranitidine and usage of IV Fluids in severe dehydration and Antiemetic frequently used was Ondansetron. Zinc syrup was added to prevent further occurrence for two to three months and decrease morbidity in the patients.

Keywords: Prescription, AGE, Antibiotics, Cephalosporins and Pediatric.


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