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Abstract

A REVIEW OF THE PATTERN OF INTENTIONAL AND UNINTENTIONAL POISONING IN SINA HOSPITAL, AHVAZ, IRAN

Ali Hasan Rahmani* and Shayeste Shamipour

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Deaths caused by poisoning in the different regions are different and the correct health care planning in the field of toxicity in any area need Statistics specific to the region. According to the poisoning in young and active community can be seen far more than other age groups, preventive measures and treatment doesn't seem sufficient and there are higher mortality statistics in this field. This study aimed to determine the type of poisoning symptoms. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on hospitalized patients with diagnosis of poisoning at the Sina Hospital in Ahvaz, Iran. Data relating to patients, including age, sex, location, visit time after poisonings time, the duration of hospital admission, being admitted to ICU, use of antidote, the mortality rate, the cause of poisoning, the type and number of the drug consumed, were inserted in a questionnaire that was prepared for the same purpose. Data were analyzed using the SPSS. Results: In the study a total of 1037 patients were evaluated. 46.9% of the population male and the rest were female. The highest prevalence was in the age group of 15-24 years (55%). 87.9% of patients were poisoned to commit suicide and 12.1% were accidentally poisoned. The most common cause of the poisoning was medicinal poisoning among which included respectively, are tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepines, the Opium and Drug Tramadol included most cases of the drug toxicity. Finally, 0.8% of the cases studied died after poisoning. Conclusions: Due to the prevalence of the use of drugs in attempts for suicide, necessary training should be given and doctors should be stressed to refrain from the excessive use and without prescription of the drugs.

Keywords: poisoning; Clinical symptoms; Ahvaz; pattern.


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