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Abstract

PATTERN OF ANTI-DIABETIC DRUGS USE IN TYPE-2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN A MEDICINE OUTPATIENT CLINIC OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL.

*Dr. Asha D. Jadhav, Dr. Rakesh R. Jadhav, Dr. Sudhir L. Padwal, Dr. Anand S. Kale and Dr. Harshal N. Pise

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the drug utilization pattern of antidiabetic drugs in diabetic outpatients. Methods: A prospective, crosssectional study was carried out in medicine outpatient clinic of tertiary care hospital, Ambajogai for eight weeks. Patients with type-2 diabetes and on drug therapy for at least one month were included. Patients’ socio-demographic and clinical data were noted in a pre-designed proforma. Data was analyzed by using Microsoft office Excel 2007. Results: In the present study, 58 out of the 100 diabetic patients were males. Majority of patients were in the age group of 50-65 years (53%). Metformin was the most commonly prescribed drug (42%), followed by sulfonylurea class of drugs (30%). Nearly, 07% patients were using insulin preparations using human insulin. (21%) were on combination drug therapy with two drug therapies. Glimepiride + Metformin was the most common two drug therapy. Co-morbid condition was found in 64 patients (64%) with hypertension (74.5%) being the most common co-morbid condition. Conclusions: Metformin was the most commonly used drug. The prescribing trend also appears to be moving towards combination therapy particularly two drug therapies.

Keywords: Drug utilization, Anti-diabetic drug, Adverse drug reaction.


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