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Abstract

EFFECT OF MUSIC THERAPY ON SELECTED BEHAVIORAL PARAMETER AMONG THE PREMATURE BABIES

Aparna Kale* and Dr. Sneha Pitre

ABSTRACT

Background: NICU environment can be stressful to these little ones. Premature and low birth weight infants respond to their new surroundings with increased levels of agitation, which can cause fluctuations in both the heart rate and blood pressure, oxygen saturation andfeeding. Exposure to music therapy has been proven to calm the infant and helps reverse the stress response. A number of studies reveal that babies who experience music therapy are more content, feed better and experience shorter length of stay in the hospital less crying, maintain physiological parameters and an increase in weight gain. Objectives of The Study: To assess the selected behavioural parameters of the premature babies before music therapy 2) To assess the effectiveness of music therapy on selected Bhavioral parameters of the premature babies. 3) To correlate the findings with selected demographical variables Material and Method: In order to achieve the desired objective of the study a Quantitative research approach was adopted for this study and pre test post test quasi experimental research design is used This study conducted in Bharati hospital sangli and Amanapure hospital Miraj Dist sangli with non probability purposive sampling method. The reliability of the tool correlation and split half technique was used and the r value is more than 0.7 hence the tool found to be reliable The pilot study was conducted from 25 jan to 28 March on 20 premature babies control 10 and experimental 10 samples were selected from Bharati hospital sangli and amanapure hospital miraj. Music therapy was given with head phones with recommoned decibel level that is 50 to 60 DB. music was given for 10 minutes and stopped then after 5 minutes the post test parameters were observed. Total for one baby 6 sessions were given on alternative days .so one baby was included in a study for 12 days Result: In sleep state the mean difference is 0.15 in control group and 3.11 is in experimental group. calculated t value is 24.83 which is more than t table value (1.734) and p is 0 which is < 0.001. Hence There is sufficient evidence at the alpha level of significance to support the claim that there is increment of sleep quality in experiment group then control group. The effect of music on the physiological and behavioural response of the neonates before and after the intervention was calculated using ANOVA. The calculated p value is less than 0.05. the F value is 437.31and p value is 0 Which is < .05 indicates difference between groups of control and experiments is statistically significant for sleep Hence it is inferred that music was effective in improving the behavioural responses of the preterm neonates. Except weight hence the null hypothesis is rejected.

Keywords: Premature babies, Music Therapy, Sleep state.


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