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Abstract

PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS IN PRE-OPERATIVE AND POST-OPERATIVE SURGICAL PATIENTS IN REGIONAL HOSPITALS: A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

M.D. Faheemuddin*, Syeda Rafiya Anjum, N. Parimala Rani, M. Vamshi Krishna, Mohhammed Mazher Ahmed

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Antibiotic is a substance produced by microorganisms, which has the capacity of inhibiting the growth or even destroying other microorganisms. The first antibiotic discovered was called penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1929. Antimicrobial drugs are the greatest contribution of the 20th century to therapeutics. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate and evaluate the current prescribing trends of most common used antibiotics in pre-operative and postoperative surgery departments in SVS and Sushrutha hospitals. Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out at surgical departments in SVS and Sushrutha people’s hospitals. Patient’s medication charts were used to obtain demographic, medication and clinical information in both pre and post operative patients. Results: A total of 96 patients were included in the analysis. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics in pre and post-operative were ceftriaxone and metronidazole. The most common therapy used in pre-operative was one drug therapy and in post-operative were two drug therapies and recommended dosage form in both was IV dosage form. Conclusion: The study indicated that antibiotics prescribed were more before and after surgeries. Antibiotics combination therapy was common instead of using one drug, two drug therapies. Most of the prescriptions include multi drug combination therapy which is not necessary in many conditions.

Keywords: Prescription pattern, antibiotics, Pre-operative, post-operative, combination therapy.


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