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Abstract

TEA AND COFFEE CONSUMPTION IN RELATION TO C-REACTIVE PROTEIN INFLAMMATORY MARKER AMONG HEALTHY SUDANESE POPULATION

Eman Abdullah, Rayan Saed, Thoyba Khider, Rayan Adam, Ohood Alnour, Marwa Abuobaida, Rasha Elbushra Abdulhameed*, Abdelbagi Elfadil, Mohamed Mahmoud
Khidr, Kamil Hassan Salih, Arwa Elsir

ABSTRACT

In recent years, clinical and observational studies reported that coffee and tea consumption were associated with cardiac arrhythmia, heart rate, serum cholesterol, blood pressure, and consequently cardiovascular risk (Mesas, et al, 2011). Still, no metabolic study investigated the effects of both tea and coffee consumption on inflammatory markers in healthy Sudanese population. Therefore this study is intended to confirm the relation between inflammation, coffee and tea consumption, with the outcome being a stronger public health message. This was a case control study which involved caffeine consumers of both genders and they were all recruited from different areas of the Sudanese community. The study included 90 subjects (aged from 16 to 50 years), of them 60 were caffeine consumers (tea and/or coffee), and 30 were non caffeine consumer (controls). All samples were analyzed by Mindray machine to determine C reactive protein level and the procedure was performed in Al-Ribat Hospital. The results revealed a significant elevation in the CRP level of caffeine consumer (14.1±13.1), when compared to non-consumers (6.6 ±8.3). This study concluded that high consumption of caffeine could increase proinflammatory marker (CRP) level, which might lead to heart diseases. More studies are much needed to confirm our findings, with the outcome being a stronger public health message.

Keywords: cardiac arrhythmia, heart rate, serum cholesterol, blood pressure, and consequently cardiovascular risk.


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