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Abstract

KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTIONS AND PRACTICES OF COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS ON THE USE OF PHYTOPHARMACEUTICALS IN LAGOS, NIGERIA.

Umar Mohammed David*, Aina Bolajoko Ajoke, N. Comfort, Patrick Maxwell and Pam Habila Dang

ABSTRACT

The global increase in the use of phytopharmaceutical products (herbal medicinal formulations) partly arises from the misconception that „natural‟ means “safe or risk-free”. To provide optimal pharmaceutical care, pharmacists need to be knowledgeable on the activities, safety and rational use of phytopharmaceutical products. This study is an Assessment of the knowledge, perception and practices of community pharmacists on the use of phytopharmaceutical products in Lagos, Nigeria. Data on pharmacists‟ demographics, opinion, knowledge of indications, side effects, interactions, contra-indications, regulations of phytopharmaceutical products and other professional practices were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to measure findings and main features of the study. Majority of respondents were without any form of post-graduate training on phytopharmaceutical products. Most community pharmacists sold phytopharmaceutical products and indicated that clients always sought information on the products. There was complete lack of knowledge of side effects, interactions and contra-indications of phytopharmaceutical products from the pharmacists. It was therefore established that pharmacists had limited knowledge on phytopharmaceutical products but were willing to acquire additional training. Regulatory bodies and educational institutions should organize continuing education programmes to update the knowledge of pharmacists in this area.

Keywords: Community pharmacists, Phytopharmaceutical products, Knowledge and pharmaceutical care.


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