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Abstract

A BRIEF REPORTING ON USES OF APAMARGA (ACHYRANTHUS ASPERA LINN.) IN TREATMENT OF VARIOUS DISORDERS IN ALLUSION OF NIGHANTUS

Abhishek Kumar, Minakshi Dwivedi, Praveen Kumar Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Rana Gopal Singh, Anil Kumar Singh, Satya Prakash*

ABSTRACT

From Vedic era to space age, the continuous research for achieving the perspective goals in health management of mankind is going on. The Nighantus, Ayurvedic form of Materia Medica could help significantly in this direction. Numerous Nighantus have been written from the very beginning of Ayurvedic period to solve the hidden meanings of cryptic names of medicinal plants. It is believed that at the end of each Samhita a Nighantu was there. Nighantu is one of the important aspects in the study of Dravyaguna Vigyana. Treatment consists of two important parts i.e Nidan and Dravyaguna Vigyana. If there is deficiency of any of the two, treatment would be impossible. Raj nighantu stated that a physician without the knowledge of Nighantu, a scholar without the knowledge of Vyakarana and an archer without practice are laughing stalk in this world. If there is deficiency of one of the two proper treatment could be impossible. Nighantus are basically the specific text dedicated for the study of all aspects of drugs from their places of origin, their pharmacological actions, useful parts up to preparations and dosage. After a great pause, Ayurveda was again revived to its past glory in the Nighantu period. A large number of drugs were studied and included in different Nighantus. Nighantu throws light on to the secret meaning of the terms denoting different synonyms of the plant kingdom. Apamarga is one of the important plants described in the Nighantus having a great medicinal value. Apamarga is said to be Agnikrit and possess Tikshana property. Apamarga posses Deepana property and is indicated in Kapha-Vata diseases. It is indicated in Dadru, Sidhma, Arsha, Kandu, Shoola, Udar roga, Aruchi etc. It has got Chedana and Sransana property. In Atharvaveda Apamarga is considered as the lord of all plants which has been proved in the Nighantus.

Keywords: Apamarga, Nighantus, Ayurveda, Guna,


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