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Abstract

SEROPREVALENCE OF DIABETIES MELLITUS IN TUBERCULOSIS PATIENT IN DISTRICT TB HOSPITAL BHOPAL

*Nagmi Aliya, Dr. Padmakar Tripathi, Dr. Renu Mishra, Dr. Kaushal Kumar and Dr. Jyoti Khurana

ABSTRACT

Introduction- Tuberculosis and Diabetes mellitus are the two public health problems which not only often coexist but have serious implications on each other. India is facing the dual problem of being the highest TB-burden country having a large number of people with diabetes posing a serious challenge for the health system. It is well known that DM impairs the immunity of patients and therefore is an independent risk factor for infections such as TB. Doctors recently used insulin pump to control glucose level in blood. Objective- The purpose of this report is demonstrate to policymakers, public officials, health program managers and clinicians that the world faces a looming co-epidemic of TBdiabetes, and that this is a serious public health risk we need to urgently address. Material and Method- This study was carried out in a District TB hospital, Bhopal on all registered cases of TB during the period of October 2014, who were suffering from both Tuberculosis and Diabetes Mellitus. A total no. of 177 patients under various age group and sexes were registered. Results: In our study we found that majority were males (125/177). The age group most commonly involved was the 30-50years. We also found 10.16% of cases of tuberculosis were already having diabetes. Conclusion: Results of this study need to raise awareness of screening for DM in persons with TB. Study finding shows the high prevalence of DM in patients with TB in Bhopal, and that a significant proportion of patients with DM may not be aware of their glucose status.

Keywords: TB; DM, prevalence.


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