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Abstract

A REVIEW ON ZIKA VIRUS

Latesh Patil*, Akshay Patil, H. P. Suryawanshi and S. P. Pawar

ABSTRACT

In this review article, we try to mention all information regarding Zika virus. The Zika virus was virus discovered in 1947 in Uganda in mosquitos in the genus Aedes. From the 1960s to 1980s, human infections were found across Africa and Asia typically accompanied by mild illness The virus was first isolated from a rhesus macaque monkey had been placed in a cage in the Zika Forest of Uganda, near lake Victoria in April 1947. The virus was identified almost 70 years ago. The pregnant women who become infected with Zika virus could able to transmit the disease to their unborn babies, with serious complications. Zika virus disease outbreaks were reported for the first time from the Pacific in 2007 and 2013 (French Polynesia, respectively) and in 2015 from the Americas (Brazil and Colombia) and Africa (Cape Verde). Approximately one person in five who becomes infected with Zika is likely to have symptoms like a clinical illness arthralgia, notably of small joints of hands and feet, with possible swollen joints, conjunctivitis, post-infection fatigue. No specific antiviral treatment is available for Zika virus infection. Treatment is generally supportive and can include rest, fluids and use of analgesics and antipyretics. But as the Prevention Concern, all travelers are advised to take the mosquito bite prevention measures when travelling to areas currently affected by Zika virus or wherever mosquito borne diseases are present. These precautions are necessary in the daytime as well as night time.

Keywords: Zika virus, Arthralgia, Aedes, Conjunctivitis, mosquito etc.


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