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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF ROOT EXTRACTS OF CLERODENDRON SERRATUM (Linn.)

Jayapal Reddy Sama*, Manjunath Setty, Arun Satyadev Siddhanadham, Raj Kumar Prava and Aparna Koduru

ABSTRACT

The present research work is mainly based on pharmacognostical investigation and phytochemical screening of root extracts of Clerodendron serratum. The pharmacognostical and phytochemical screening is done by preparing different extracts of the following roots of the plant with the help of different solvents such as chloroform, aqueous, ethanol, acetone, petroleum ether, benzene and ethyl acetate. Analysis of the root is done according to their sensory, microscopic and macroscopic characteristics. Majority of the information is drawn such as purity and quality by these observations. The phytochemical screening implicates the presence of different constituents as secondary metabolites. Secondary metabolites present in the root are identified by general chemical tests. From the above research work carried out it can be implicated that the flora should be explored still further for different secondary metabolites and non adulterated forms of the roots and other potential compounds. The natural system of medicine is gaining passion due to their fewer side effects than that of traditional medicines. Different species of Clerodendron serratum should be explored for different versatile pharmacological activities which improve the health care system of mankind.

Keywords: Clerodendron serratum, Phytochemical Screening, extracts, microscopic, macroscopic characterization.


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