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S. Deivendran* and N. Alaguchamy


Groundwater is an important source of water supply throughout the world. The quantity and the suitability of ground water for human consumption and for irrigation are determined by its physical, chemical and bacteriological properties. The present study was carried out in 10 different locations of Sivagangai town and the physico-chemical parameters of 10 water samples collected from the sites were analyzed. The water samples were collected from borewells of 10 different locations in and around Sivagangai town, Tamil Nadu, India. The same results are observed in the physical factors such as appearance (clear), colour (colourless) and odour (agreeable) in all the selected ten different locations. The maximum turbidity is recorded in the locations IV, VII, IX, X and minimum in the remaining locations. The electrical conductivity is ranged from 810 to 2710. The location IX, X showed the maximum conductivity (2710) and the minimum is observed 810 in III location. The pH values of the samples are slightly alkaline and it’s ranged from 7.1 to 7.4. The maximum pH value is observed in the water samples II & IX and minimum in III, V & VI locations. The pH alkalinity value is zero in all the ten different selected water samples. The total hardness of the selected water samples ranged from 72 to 520 mg/L. The maximum hardness value is recorded in the sample X, the minimum in the sample IV and the average value of hardness is 256.2. The maximum calcium content (139) is observed in the sample X and the minimum content of calcium (16) in the sample IV. The maximum sodium content is about 420 mg/L in the locations such as II & IV followed by 370 in the sample X and 360 in the samples VII & X and the minimum sodium content 120 is noted in the sample III. The potassium content was minimum in (08 mg/L) the sample III and the maximum content (40 mg/L) was recorded in the sample X. The results pertaining to water quality from different locations of Sivagangai town, Tamil Nadu revealed that all the tested physico-chemical parameters such as appearance, colour, odour, turbidity, total dissolved salts, electrical conductivity, pH, alkalinity, hardness, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron, manganese, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, chloride, fluoride, sulphate and phosphate are at the prescribed standards of WHO and EPA. However, careful attention towards contamination of water sources is recommended so that future risk in terms of environmental pollution and human health concerns could be minimized or controlled. Similar studies are also recommended in all human settlements (villages and towns) so that reliable data could be available for health care departments, planners, community welfare organizations and researchers.

Keywords: Physico-Chemical Parameters, turbidity, electrical conductivity, Alkalinity, WHO, EPA.

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