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Abstract

A CLINICAL SURVEY OF KRIMIROGA (WORMINFESTATION) IN SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN OF NAGPUR MUNCIPAL CORPORATION

Dr. Sunil P. Changle* and Dr. G.N. Tiwari

ABSTRACT

Background/Purpose: Intestinal parasites are widely prevalent in
developing countries, probably due to poor sanitation and inadequate
personal hygiene. It is estimated that as much as 60% of the world’s
population is infected with intestinal parasites, which may play a
significant role in morbidity due to intestinal infections. This study was
designed to estimate the prevalence of helminthic infections among
school children under limit of Nagpur Municipal Corporation.
Methods: The prevalence of helminthic infections was studied in
1,172 children in public schools in Nagpur, between March and
September 2006. The stools collected were concentrated using the
formol–ether sedimentation technique, screened using conventional
iodine and saline wet mounts, and examined by direct microscopy.
Results: The prevalence of helminthic infection was found to be
34.56% in school children; Ascaris lumbricoides constituted 43.21% of total infections;
Ancylostomaduodenale (hookworm), 28.89%; Trichuris trichiura, 10.87%; Hymenolepis
nana, 7.66%; Taeniaspp, 7.41%; and Enterobiusvermicularis, 1.98%. Coinfections were also
common; dual infections accounted for 8.40% and multiple infections for 2.47%,
respectively, of total infection. The stool samples found to be positive for hookworm ova
were further processed for culture using the Harada–Mori culture technique. Sixty-five
(55.56%) hookworm ova-positive stools were found to be culture positive. Conclusion: The
infection prevalent in school children in this area is Ascariasis.

Keywords: Ascaris, helminthic infection, hookworm, school children.


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