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Abstract

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLANNED TEACHING PROGRAMME ON THE KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES REGARDING PREVENTION OF ANEMIA AMONG ANC MOTHERS.

Satish N. Salvi* and Basavant Dhudum

ABSTRACT

Anemia in pregnancy is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a hemoglobin concentration below 11 g/dl.Anemia affects 42% of pregnant womens. It continues to be a major health problem in many developing countries and is associated with increased rates of maternal and perinatal mortality, premature delivery, low birth weight, and other adverse outcomes. More than half of the pregnant women in the world have hemoglobin levels indicative of anemia. Although only 15% of pregnant women are anemic in developed countries, the prevalence of anemia in developing countries is relatively high (33% to 75%). The most common cause of anemia in pregnancy worldwide is iron deficiency. The predisposing factors include grandmultiparity, low socioeconomic status, malaria infestation, late booking, HIV infection, and inadequate child spacing – among others. Causes of anemia include infections, hemoglobinopathies and nutritional deficiencies. A commonly employed strategy to tackle anemia is nutrition education and counseling (NEC).NEC strategies focus on increasing heme and nonheme iron intake, decreasing the intake of iron absorption inhibitors, encouraging iron-folic acid supplementation. OBJECTIVIES 1. To assess the existing knowledge and practices related to prevention of anemia among ANC mothers. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of planned health teaching on knowledge & practices related to Prevention of anemia among ANC mothers. 3. Find out the association between pre-test knowledge & practices with selected demographic variables among ANC mothers.

Keywords: Anemia, ANC Mothers.


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