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Abstract

DETAILED PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF ROOT OF CASSIA MIMOSOIDES L. ALONG WITH THE WHOLE PLANT POWDER MICROSCOPY

Gautam Fichadiya* and Dr. Harisha C. R.

ABSTRACT

India has one of the richest medicinal plant resources in world. Many plants are well studied for its uses and application in Ayurveda texts but many plants are used by traditional medicinal practitioners, which are not mentioned in classical texts. These drugs are scientifically unexplored. One such plant used in Gujarat is Aaval ni Jaat which is botanically identified as Cassia mimosoides L. belonging to sub-family Caesalpiniaceae. The root of this plant is used in diarrhea and spasm of stomach and the whole plant is sometimes used medicinally as a cure for colic pain. Review revealed that the plant has not been explored from pharmacognostical view including its whole plant powder microscopy but analytical study has been published. Hence in this research article focuses on detailed microscopy of root along with root powder, whole plant powder microscopy and micrometry of C. mimosoides. Macroscopically root is Dark brown coloured having fibrous fracture. Diagrammatic T.S. of root is circular to irregular in outline. Outer cork is followed by cortex, endodermis, pericycle & centrally located stellar region. Root powder is slight astringent in taste, having rhomboidal, twin crystals and prismatic crystals, starch grains with hilum. The whole plant powder is yellowish green in colour having microscopical characters like prismatic and rhomboidal crystals and stomata. The results obtained from pharmacognostical study can be helpful in further standardization of the plant as well as monograph preparation.

Keywords: Cassia mimosoides L., Caesalpiniaceae, Root microscopy, Pharmacognosy, Whole plant.


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