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Abstract

REPELLENT EFFECT OF THREE PLANTS CURCUMA LONGA, CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS, ADHATODA VASICA AGAINST INSECT PEST SILVERFISH, ACROTELSA COLLARIS (FABR.) (THYSANURA: LEPISMATIDAE)

Sandeep Kumar*, Karuna Singh and K.N. Dwivedi

ABSTRACT

Silverfish is well known nauseous insect pest of houses, libraries,
museums, and business places feed on variety of food such as fabrics,
paper products, paste or glue as well as books, and damage them.
Silverfish also carries some allergens, though no major human health
threat it is a nauseous domestic pest. Chemical repellents used to
control are not only harmful to human health but also a major concern
of environment. In India, plants are being used since a long time, not
only as a medicine but also as insect pest control which are locally
available, low in cast and safe for human health and environment. In
present work three plants were screened for their repellency against
Silverfish. Adult Silverfish (Acrotesla collaris) (Fabr.) were collected and reared at room
temperature in laboratory conditions. Insect nymphs of about 90-120 days were used for
repellency test. Three plants part Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) rhizome, Lemon grass
(Cymbopogon citratus) and Vasa (Adhatoda vasica) leaves were extracted in petroleum ether,
ethanol and water. A dose of 10 mg/ml prepared and repellency was tested using filter paper
according to the McDonald's standard method no.3 with some modifications. Data were
analyzed by the analysis of variance (ANOVA). The present study reports that amongst the
three extracts of Curcuma longa, ethanol extract showed maximum repellency of class V,
while petroleum ether showed a repellency of class four, Lemon grass petroleum ether extract
showed a repellency of class IV and Vasa water extract showed a repellency of class V,
against Silverfish. Therefore, the study suggests that the above three extracts may be used as
repellent for the control and management of Silverfish species. The study also emphasizes the use of these plants based natural products as an alternative of synthetic insect repellent against silverfish.

Keywords: Insect Repellent. Acrotesla collaris (Fabr). Cymbopogon citratus. Curcuma longa. Adhatoda vasica.


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