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Abstract

APPLICABILITY AND PREPARATION OF ARKA KALPANA IN AYURVEDIC PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY-A CURRENT TREND

Dr. Akhilesh Sahu*, Dr. Nalinikant Parida, Dr. Miteshsingh Chauhan and Dr. Chandreswar Prasad Sinha

ABSTRACT

Bhaishajya kalpana is one of the holistic branch of Ayurved primarily deals with the various pharmaceutical, neutraceutical formulation and their therapeutic application. Among the large number of formulation specified by Acharyas. Secondary dosage forms are derived from primaririly through The panchavidha kashaya kalpanas which have great importance. The five basic kalpanas comprise of Swaras, Kalka, sruta, hima and Phanta. But some Acharyas has variable opinions in the respective formulary classifications. According to Ravana‚Äüs Arka prakasha, The panchavidha kalpanas include Kalka, choorna, Rasa, Taila and Arka. In this context, Arka kalpana is given specific importance and it opines that it has more potency in comparison to the other kalpanas. The potency due to dosharahithatva and its specific gunas. Due to its increased potency, reduced dose, better shelf life, easy absorption, fast action and patient compliance Arka kalpana is in growing demand among current population. So there arises a need to know the simplified procedures and methodologies involved in the preparation of this formulation which can be easily understandable and applicable both in industrial level as well as testing scientific laboratories. The pharmaceutical aspects regardings this formulation have been explained in detail with specific importance to the yantras, patras, agni and different method of preparation based on the consistency of dravyas.

Keywords: Arka, Panchavidha kasaya kalpana, pharmaceutical, potency, shelf life.


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