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Abstract

PREVALENCE AND MECHANISM OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY AMONG MAKKAH CITY, SAUDI ARABIA

Majdi Saleh Alzahrani*, Wagih Gamal Elbarrany, Faisal Alrefaei, Ahmad Rashed, Ahmed Idris Abdulshakur

ABSTRACT

This study reviews the prevalence and the mechanisms of anterior
cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. using a comprehensive questionnaire,
266 from the population were interviewed about the events
surrounding their ACL injury. The most common ACL injury was
sport (n =181). Eight-teen of the ACL injury occurred due to a sudden
increase in running and 20 occurred due to stop running suddenly
.four-teen of them did not report whether their injury occurred in a
practice or in a game. Sixteen were listed as road traffic accident, 14 as
related to their work. Noncontact mechanisms were classified as
sudden deceleration prior to a change of direction or landing motion.
here was the rate of anterior cruciate ligament injury higher in men in compare to the women
during the study period. Men's football is a high-risk sport for anterior cruciate ligament
injury. Unlike running, basketball, volleyball and gymnastics, The level of allowed contact in
pivoting sports may be a factor in determining sport-specific anterior cruciate ligament risk.

Keywords: anterior cruciate ligament injury, sports injury, knee injuries.


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