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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL ANALYSIS OF PRIYANGWADI CHURNA

Biman Choudhury*, Prof. K.S patel, Dr. D. B. Vaghela, Harisha C. R. and V. J. Shukla

ABSTRACT

Introduction-Gingivitis is an inflammation of the marginal gingivae, occurs widely in mouth affecting both children and adults. As per ancient Ayurvedic texts the disease can be correlated with Shitada which is under the heading of Dantamoolagata roga. The sign and symptoms of Shitada are spontaneous bleeding from the gums, foul smelling, black soft and sodden gums. Priyangwadi Churna is one of the drugs which was mentioned by Aacharya Sushruta for Pratisarana or Lepa in Shitada. Till date no published data is available regarding evaluation of Priyangwadi Churna. Methods- Final product was subjected to Phrmacognostical and physico-chemical analysis such as microscopic study, loss on drying, ash value, pH etc. Results- Phrmacognostical study showed the presence of contents such as; asicular crystal of Priyangu, epicarp cell of Priyangu, silica deposition of Musta, scheloroids of Vibheetaki, pitted stone cell of Haritaki etc. Preliminary physico-chemical analysis showed that the loss on drying value was found to be 5.35%, pH 3.5, Ash value 6.2, Water soluble extract 38.3% etc. High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC) showed 7 and 4 spots at 254nm and 366nm respectively. Conclusion- The present work was carried out to standardize the finished product Priyangwadi Churna in terms of its identity, quality and purity. Pharmacognostical and Physico-chemical observations revealed the specific characters of all active constituents used in the preparation.

Keywords: HPTLC, Pharmacogonosy, Priyangwadi Churna, pharmaceutical, Shitada.


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