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Abstract

“A PROSPECTIVE EVALUATION OF DRUG USE PATTERN IN EMERGENCY CARE DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”

Vicky Madhav Singh*, Sachin B., Uday Kumar R. and Nagendra Gowda M.R.

ABSTRACT

Background: Emergency care department/ Intensive care unit (ICU) is a setting where large numbers of drugs are administered to patients and where the cost of hospitalization and drug treatment are high. Objective: The primary objective was to assess drug use pattern in Emergency care department of a tertiary care hospital. Material and method: The study was a prospective study for a period of six months. Prescription and patient records were reviewed and analyzed. SPSS version 19 was used to calculate the statistical parameters. Result: A total of 100 patients age more than 18 years were enrolled for the study among which 55 were females and 45 were males. Mean age of the patients was 53.27±17.17 years. Patients with respiratory, cardiovascular and infectious emergency were more. Cephalosporin 55.08% was most commonly prescribed Anti-Biotic. Insulin and metformin were commonly used Anti- Diabetics and ACE inhibitor, ARBs was common Antihypertensive. Conclucion: This study performed to bring awareness in the health care professionals for a successful treatment.

Keywords: Drug use pattern, Emergency care department, Intensive care unit (ICU), Statistical package for Social science (SPSS).


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