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Abstract

ROLE OF PHARMACIST IN THE RATIONAL USE OF DRUGS: AN OVERVIEW

*Tasneem Ara1, Abdul Samieh Deva2, Nitish Bhatia3

1Drug testing lab dalgate Srinagar, Kashmir
2Government Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir.
3Sri Sai College of Pharmacy Badhani Pathankot Punjab.

ABSTRACT

The concept of rational use of drugs is an old concept. This concept has evolved as early as 300 B.C.The idea of Rational drug therapy has become a very important concept both at national as well as at international gatherings .The concept of rational use of drugs is very important because it will allow in prescribing the right drug, in appropriate dose for prescribed duration which is adequate to the clinical needs of the patient at the lowest cost which ultimately will lead to the safe, proper and effective use of drugs. It has been found than 50% of all medicines worldwide are prescribed, dispensed, or sold inappropriately and 50% of patients fail to take them correctly. So efforts are to be taken in order to have a rational use of drugs which in turn will avoid the ineffective and unsafe treatment, distress, prolongation of illness and increase in the cost of treatment. A pharmacist can play a multidisciplinary approach to the promotion of the rational use of medicines by providing proper information, and instruction regarding the adverse drug reactions, dosage schedule of drugs to the patients and warning them about the unwanted effects of medicines and monitoring such unwanted effects. In collaboration with other health care professionals the pharmacist can play a key role in educating the patient about hazards of self medication, over use of drugs and polypharmacy. The pharmacist will play an important role in the management of drug procurement, storage and distribution that will ensure adequate use of medicines. In coordination with healthcare team, pharmacists can establish a common approach to the rational use of drugs by giving advice and information to patient regarding the proper use of drugs. Hence, proper role and involvement of a pharmacist in safe use of medicines and overall health care becomes very crucial. Pharmacist helps in achieving the goal of rational use of drugs by following good pharmacy practices. .Thus we can conclude that promoting the rational use of medicines results in improved quality of life for the patient in particular and for the community in general.

Keywords: WHO, rational drug use.


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