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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS OF SYZYGIUM CUMINI (L.) SKEELS.

Mariappan Senthilkumar*, Mahendhran Gowri and Vedi Vadivel

ABSTRACT

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels is one of the important medicinal plants widely used for the treatment of various diseases in particular diabetes. The present study was aimed to investigate the preliminary phytochemical screening of the leaves, stem bark, fruit pulp and seeds were demonstrated. The results revealed the presence of medicinally important phytochemical constituents in different organic solvents of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and ethanol. The phytochemical tests of these extracts have showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, tannins, terpenoids carbohydrate, tannin and saponin. The plant is rich in compounds containing anthocyanins, glucoside, ellagic acid, isoquercetin, kaemferol and myrecetin. The seeds are claimed to contain alkaloid, jambosine, and glycoside jambolin or antimellin, which halts the diastatic conversion of starch into sugar. Thin layer chromatographic profiles yielded the different pattern of compound and as well as different Rf values. The extracted bioactive compounds were tested followed by calculate their Rf value by analyzing thin layer chromatographic techniques with two different kinds of solvent systems.

Keywords: Phytochemicals, Syzygium cumini, Leaf, Stem bark, Fruit pulp and Seed extracts.


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