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Abstract

BRIEF REVIEW AND ANTI-MICROBIAL STUDY OF HARITAKI (TERMINALIA CHEBULA RETZ.), AMALAKI (EMBLICA OFFICINALIS GAERTN.), PIPPALI (PIPER LONGUM LINN), CITRAKA (PLUMBAGOZEYLANICA LINN.) AND AMALAKYADIGANA.

Sadhana Singh, Brijesh Singh* and Vinod Kumar Joshi

ABSTRACT

The drugs of Amlakyadigana are Amalaki, Haritaki, Citraka, Pippali. Haritaki (Terminalia Chebula Retz.), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.), Pippali (Piper Longum Linn), Citraka (Plumbagozeylanica Linn.) is well known plant in Ayurveda. Though, there are good number of single and compound dosage forms are prescribed for different kinds of Jvara in original text of Ayurveda but there is one compound formulation (Amlakyadigana) found in Sushruta Samhita 38th chapter of Sutra Sthana, which is said as Sarva Jvarahara (to alleviate all kind of fever). The present study was carried out to evaluate in vitro antimicrobial activity of 50% Hydro Alcohalic extract of Haritaki (Fruit), Amalaki (Fruit), Citraka (Root) Amalakyadi-gana. The Antimicrobial activity was assessed against Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria namely Staphylococcus Aureus(gram positive), Proteus Vulgaris (gram negative) and Salmonella Typhi (gram negative) by using Agar well diffusion method. MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) value of 50% hydro-alcohalic extract of Haritaki (Fruit), Amalaki (Fruit), Citraka (Root) Amalakyadi-gana against Staphylococcus Aureus, Proteus Vulgaris and Salmonella Typhi were calculated.

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity, Hydroalcohalic extract, Haritaki, Amalaki, Citraka Amalakyadi-gana.


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