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Abstract

THE IMPACT OF VIRAL LOAD MONITORING AND CD4 IN PATIENT TAKING ANTI-RETROVIRAL TREATMENT AT KICUKIRO HEALTH CENTER

Abdulhamid Tahir Hamid*, Mucumbitsi Joseph, Musabyumuremyi Celestin and Shafiu Muhammad Tahir

ABSTRACT

The viral load and CD4 count are two measures used to monitor the health status of individuals with HIV that is why the assessment on ART affects CD4 count and viral load for the patients taking ART at Kicukiro health center has been conducted at Kicukiro Health Center. The research questions were to see if the ARTS cause the increase of CD4 and the decrease of viral load in HIV positive patients; and to see if the variation of the viral load and CD4 is the same in female and male. The main objective of this study was to assess the effect of ART on CD4 and viral load for the patient on ART at Kicukiro Health Center. The target population was HIV positive patient taking ART at Kicukiro HC. A total sample of 100 patients has been selected and each selected patient has been tested on CD4 and viral load in three interval of time from August 2013 to September 2014. We have analyzed the impact of sex in increasing of CD4 and decreasing viral load. After analysis, we found that the number of CD4 count increase in male than in female and the number of viral load decrease in male than in female and this is due to biological differences between male and female. The comparison of the number of viral load in three different time has been done using t test paired sample. The analysis has showed that there is a significance difference between the number of viral load from August 2013 to September 2014 with, p<0,05. This shows the success of antiretroviral success because the number of

Keywords: viral load has been reduced. Then our question on the role of ART in increasing CD4 and decreasing viral load has been achieved. The comparison of the number of CD4 count in three different time has been done using t test paired sample. The analysis has s


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