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Abstract

CRITICAL EVALUATION OF SATMYA

Neera Saini; P.S .Byadgi*.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Satmya means suitability. Diet, behavior or medicine that becomes wholesome to ones nature or constitution may be regarded as congenial or agreeable to that individual and it may become natural to person. Acquired suitability due to habituation may vary depending on various factors namely the nature of land one resides in, the time of the day, the species one belongs to, the season, the disease one suffer from, exposure to physical and mental exertion for the sake of his livelihood, the properties of water one regularly drinks, sleep during day time and the taste one is used to. Some kinds of Satmya are Place habitation (Desha satmya), physique of individual (oka satmya), wholesome to the disease (Vyadhi satmya) & wholesome to season (Ritu satmya). Understanding of concept of Satmya is necessary in reference to treatment & to remain healthy. Satmya can be in terms of Desha, Kala, Ahara and Vihara. While considering causative factors of the diseases one should keep concept of satmya in mind because season, place etc decides the fate of etiology. Satmya pariksha described to understand the strength of the patient to plan appropriate therapeutics. AIMS 1. To evaluate the concept of satmya from different perspective 2. To evaluate the various types of satmya as described in various samhitas 3. Design of criteria for satmya assessment Settings And Design Review of Ayurvedic literature and articles published in repute Journals. CONCLUSION Concept of Satmya helps to determine the bala(strength) of a person. Satmya can be in terms of Desha, Kala, Ahara and Vihara. Satmya is divided into 4 types (1) Ritu Satmya (2) Oka Satmya (3) Desha Satmya and (4) Roga Satmya. The concept of satmya involves the drug, diet, behaviour, which owing to habitual use develops adaptability and looses initial stress components.

Keywords: Satmya, Okasatmya, Satmya Pareeksha, Ritu satmya, Vyadhi Satmya.


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