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Abstract

CONCEPT OF MANASA PRAKRITI DESCRIBED IN SUSHRUTA SAMHITA

Dr. Maurya B.N., *Dr. Byadgi P.S.

ABSTRACT

Prakriti is one of the most important components and it must be assessed before prescribing medicines. It is the inherent characteristics property of an individual refers to the genetically determined physical & mental makeup of individual. Prakriti is of two types namely Sharir Prakriti (Physical constitution of body) again subdivided into 7 types namely Vataja, Pittaja, Kaphaja, Vata-Pittaja, Vata-Kaphaja, Pitta- Kaphaja & Sannipataja and Manas Prakriti (Psychic constitution of body) mainly classified into three types i.e. Sattvik, Rajas & Tamas Praktiti again sub classified into 16 varieties. Manasa Prakriti features pertain to the mind and mental activities of the person. Due to their resemblance in qualities to that of almighty god names were designated accordingly. Totally 16 types of Manasika Prakriti’s are described in Sushruta Samhita. After proper understanding of Kaya prakriti’s one should initiate appropriate therapy. Mahaprakriti’s are those which manifests due to influence of satva, raja and tama and knowledge of the constitution is very much essential. Three types of psyche are described to be born from virtue, anger and delusion these are said to be superior, medium and inferior respectively. Eight, seven and three respectively are said to be the types of these psyche. To prescribe medicines, knowledge of this is essential.

Keywords: Sharir Prakriti, Manasika Prakriti, Satvik Prakriti(Kaya), Rajasika Prakriti(Kaya) and Tamas Prakriti(Kaya).


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