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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL SCREENING ON LEAF OF Lavandula bipinnata

*Vidya V. Shinde and S. R. Kshirsagar

ABSTRACT

The Lavandula bipinnata (Roth) Kuntz (Lamiaceae) used for centuries as an herbal remedy. The essential oil yield from it is highly effective and can be used in balms, perfumes, cosmetics and topical application. It is believed to be of benefit for a problem includes anxiety, headaches, depression, cold and as a breath freshener and mouthwash. The five solvent namely Petroleum ether, Acetone, Methanol, Ethanol and Distilled water extracts obtained by soxhlet extraction. The different qualitative phytochemical tests were performed to detect the presence of active phytoconstituents. A detailed histochemical investigation of leaf of drugs was carried out. The physico-chemical standards of the powder in the present study can be used to identify the crude drug. The phytochemical screening shows the presence of Alkaloid, Carbohydrate and Glycosides in all extracts. Saponin, Phenol, Tannin, Gum and mucilage present except than Petroleum ether. Maximum presence shown by Saponin and phenols.

Keywords: Lavandula bipinnata, phytochemical, physico-chemical.


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