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Abstract

ANALYSIS OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS IN EICHHORIA CRASSIPES LEAF

A. S. Prabakaran and N. Mani*

ABSTRACT

In the present study to investigate phytochemicals and inorganic elements in Eichhoria crassipes leaf extract. The results of this study clearly indicate that the preliminary phytochemical analysis of Eichhoria crassipes (leaves) revealed presence of flavonoids, polyphenol, steroids, saponins, glycosides, terpenoids and triterpenoids were present while amino acids was absent in methanol, ethanol and aqueous extract. Tannin, phlobatannins, alkaloids and anthroquinone were absent only in ethanol extract. Carbohydrate was present only in aqueous extract. Quantitative analysis revealed that Eichhoria crassipes leaves rich amount of total phenol (168.74±0.54), flavonoids (123.42±0.23), saponin (32.15±0.15) and alkaloids (45.64±0.39) were presented. The histochemical analysis of Eichhoria crassipes leaf powder further confirmed the presence of phytochemicals. The inorganic elements of Eichhoria crassipes leaves showed that the presence of sodium, potassium, sulphate, phosphate, chloride and nitrate were present while calcium, magnesium and Iron were absent. The results of the present study concluded that Eichhoria crassipes may be a good source of phytochemicals and minerals. Supplementation of this Eichhoria crassipes leaves may be useful for human health associated emerging diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and cancer.

Keywords: Eichhoria crassipes, Phytochemical, Histochemical, Inorganic elements and.


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