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Abstract

PHYSICOCHEMICAL STANDARDIZATION AND METAL ANALYSIS OF SYZYGIUM CUMINI (JAMUN) PLANT

Tanmay K. Chache*, Vijaykumar L. Chavan and Manik Rathod

ABSTRACT

Syzygium cumini, known as jamun / jambul, is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae. Traditionally the jambul fruits, leaves, seeds and bark are all used in ayurvedic medicine. The bark contains tannins and carbohydrates, accounting for its long- term use as an astringent. Its seed has conventionally been used in India for the management of different diseases. The seeds are claimed to contain alkaloid, jambosine, and glycoside jambolin or antimellin, which halts the diastatic conversion of starch into sugar. The plant is rich in compounds containing anthocyanins, glucoside, ellagic acid, isoquercetin, kaemferol and myrecetin. Physicochemical parameters in plants give valuable information and help to access quality of the sample. Metals are a matter of concern in the herbal drugs, especially as certain plants have the tendency of storing metals from the soil, polluted water and atmosphere. The presence of metals was thus carried out using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS).

Keywords: Syzygium cumini, Physicochemical standardisation, Metal content, Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy.


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