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Abstract

LARVICIDE AND OVIPOSITION DETERRENT ACTIVITY OF PLANT EXTRACTS AGAINST AEDES AEGYPTI

Saroj Bapna*, Trupti Satvekar, Pradeep Jadhav and Mrunal Ghag Sawant

ABSTRACT

Biological control of mosquitoes is an attractive alternative to chemical
pesticides, particularly in view of strict environmental legislation and
increased resistance to synthetic insecticides there has been a major
shift towards use of natural product from plant source Therefore,
continuous efforts are being made to look for safer alternative methods
to keep mosquitoes at check. In the present study methanolic leaf
extract of two plants Calotropis gigantia (family: Asclepiadaceae) and
Datura innoxia (family: Solanaceae) were evaluated for larvicidal and
oviposition deterrent activity against Aedes aegypti (Diptera:
Culicidae) mosquito. The best way to keep the mosquitoes at check is
larviciding. Laboratory reared early fourth instars larvae were screened
using WHO standard protocol. The oviposition deterrent test was performed using gravid
female Aedes aegypti. Calotropis gigantia and D. innoxia demonstrated larvicidal activity
with LC50 value 579.25 ppm and 375.74 ppm respectively. The oviposition deterrent tests of
D. innoxia and C. giganatia leaves reduced egg laying by 100% and 82.28% at 800 ppm
against Aedes aegypti respectively. The results thus indicates that both larvicidal and
Oviposition deterrent potential of leaves extract could be used as promising mosquito control
strategy particularly in view of continuing problem with resistance to synthetic insecticides
and environmental pollution.

Keywords: Aedes aegypti, Dengue, mosquito larvae, oviposition deterrent.


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