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Abstract

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF HAIR PROTEIN DAMAGE CONTROL BY ESSENTIAL OILS USING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES

Misbah Fatima, Iftikhar Hussain Bukhari, Qurat-ul-ain*, Solat Perveen, NosheenAslam, Shagufta Kamal, Sana Maryum, Ambreen Ashar

ABSTRACT

Essential oils were evaluated quantitatively in reducing the protein loss of hair fibers caused by the different grooming treatments such as cleansing, bleaching and straightening of hair. The present study involved in the reduction of protein loss of hair fibers with and without the application of the essential oils. Coconut, Mustard and Nem oil was used in this research work. Hair fibers under study were cleansed 15 times with and without the application of oils. 10% solution of SELE was used for cleansing purpose. Percent decrease in protein loss in cleansing treatment with the application of essential oils like Coconut, Mustard and Neem oil was 77, 76 and 80 respectively. Bleaching of the hair fibers were conducted with the same oils and the results reveal that percent decrease in protein loss was 14.7, 17.46 and 20.06 with Coconut, Mustard and Neem oil respectively. Hair fibers were bleached twice. 6% Hydrogen peroxide was used for bleaching. Percent decrease in protein loss in the hair straightening after the application of coconut, mustard and Neem oil was 5.08, 11.80 and 20.46 respectively. 3% NaOH was used for hair straightening. The protein loss of cosmetically treated hair fibers with the application of essential oils were less as compared to that without the application of oils. It was found that the Neem oil is best among the oils which are used in research. The order of efficacy of the oils was Neem ≥ Cocunut ≥ Mustard oil.

Keywords: Coconut, Mustard and Nem oil.


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