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Abstract

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF UNDERGROUND WATER IN GHAZIABAD REGION

Bharti Sharma,* Dinesh Kumar Yadav and Babita Kumar

ABSTRACT

Underground water contamination is a big hazard, all living organism including plants and animals water pollution or water destruction, in which various contaminants unify together to degrade quality and nature of water. This form of environmental degradation occurs due to pollutants which are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds. At some extent natural disasters can be the utmost reasons but not by all the senses. The major ions which are responsible to maintain the quality of ground water includes various cations and anions like: carbonate (CO3 2-), bicarbonate (HCO3 -), Chloride (Cl-), Sulphate (SO4 --), Nitrate (NO3 --), Phosphate (PO4 3-), Fluoride (F-), Ca++,Cu++, Mg++, Na+ and K+. Among the above briefed ions Ca++ and Mg++ are the ones which are responsible for the hardness of water. Water's hardness is determined by the concentration of multivalent cations in the water. This hard water if consumed by animals or humans can meddle with the normal physiological function of the body. Nine water samples are collected from different locations especially near to the location of the industrial area with limestone works, carbon plant and during summer. The areas include Mohan nagar, Jassipura, Nehru nagar, Gandhi nagar, Raj nagar, Sahibabad, Murad nagar, Lohiya nagar and Modi nagar.

Keywords: Ground water quality, Total alkalinity, Total Hardness, Electrical conductivity.


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